A bunion is a common deformity affecting the big toe joint. Medically it is known as ‘Hallux Valgus’. It is effectively osteoarthritis of the joint.

The main symptom is a change in the shape of the big toe joint. Not everyone will get pain, but the bunion may cause problems with footwear which in turn, causes rubbing on the skin.

Bunions can be divided into two types:

Type one: Footwear related bunions – usually there is a bony prominence which rubs on the shoe, causing it to become red and painful.

Type two: May have the same feature as type one, but a deep joint pain will also be experienced.

For more information, download our bunions information leaflet.


Dealing with Bunions

Firstly, just because you have a bunion does not mean you have to do anything. If it’s not bothering you, leave it alone.

However, bunions can be painful and can have a big impact on your mobility. They can also cause people to become self-conscious of their feet.

Unfortunately there is no way of knowing if your bunion will progress and if it does how quickly this will happen. The best thing to do is to ask an older family member who also has bunions what theirs did.

There only a few treatments and a number of these can be self administered, so your symptoms may be resolved without even seeing a health professional.