Your knees are one of the most important joints in your body. We use our knees to walk, run, bend and jump – so if you are experiencing aches and pains in your knee, it can have a big impact on your life.

Knee pain can be caused by a variety of conditions:

  • Anterior knee pain
  • Lateral knee pain
  • Ligament/cartilage injuries
  • Osteoarthritis

Click on each of the links to the left to find out more about each condition and how to deal with it.

Dealing with Knee Pain
Anterior knee pain
Lateral knee pain
Ligament/cartilage injuries
Surgical options


Avoiding Knee Pain

There are some precautions you can take to try to reduce the risk of damaging your knee.

  • Exercise regularly to maintain a good level of fitness. This will mean your muscles are stronger and better able to support your joints, including your knees. If you haven’t been active for a while, start gently and gradually increase the intensity.
  • Spend five to 10 minutes warming up before exercise to increase blood flow to your muscles and reduce the chance of an injury. Many sports professionals advise stretching your muscles after warming up and again after cooling down; however the benefit of stretching before or after exercise is unproven.
  • Vary your knee movements: Anterior knee pain (pain in the front of your knee) is generally the result of overusing the joint, so it is important to try and vary the stresses you place on your knee. For example, runners should make sure they mix up the surfaces they run on to include uphill runs and flat ground
  • Stretch regularly: Keep the muscles in your legs as flexible as possible by regular stretching.  Watch a demonstration video for stretching below.
  • Strengthen your leg muscles: Perform regular exercises such as squats and lunges to strengthen and keep your leg muscles in good condition. Watch an exercise demonstration video below..
  • Footwear: Ensure sports shoes are appropriate for the activity and are replaced regularly to avoid excessive wear. In osteoarthritis of the knee good, cushioned footwear has also been shown to be beneficial.
Tests to diagnose knee pain

If you are affected by knee pain you may require tests by your GP or  a specialist doctor to diagnose the problem.

Here, Paul Sutton, consultant  orthopaedic surgeon demonstrates some of the  tests which are used to diagnose different knee conditions.

Please note -
These are general exercises, seek advice if you are unsure.

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