TRAUMA AND ORTHOPAEDICS
Trauma and Orthopaedics is an area of surgery concerned with injuries and conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system (the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves).
You may be referred to a Trauma and Orthopaedic consultant for treatment of an injury such as a bone fracture, a deformity of the spine or limbs, or a long-term condition that’s developed over many years, such as osteoarthritis.
Orthopaedic specialists treat people of all ages, including:
- young people who need joint preserving surgery – such as arthroscopic surgery or osteotomy
- people of all ages requiring spinal surgery – relating to disc problems
- older people with irreversible degenerative joint problems – who need their joints replacing
Most Orthopaedic consultants have a specialist interest. This may be a particular Orthopaedic condition, a specific area of the body, or a field such as paediatrics or sport surgery.
Some of the most common operations Orthopaedic surgeons carry out include:
- repairing fractured bones
– broken arm or wrist
– broken ankle
– broken collarbone
– broken hip
– broken leg
– broken ribs
- arthroscopy – a minimally invasive (keyhole) technique, where tools are inserted into a joint to diagnose and repair damaged joint tissue, such as cartilage damage
- repairing damaged muscles, torn tendons or torn ligaments
- arthroplasty – surgery used to replace or resurface joints, usually because of arthritis; hip replacements and knee replacements are two widely used and highly effective operations
- spinal surgery – surgery used to reduce any pressure on the nervous system that maybe creating pain and or neurological symptoms
- surgery to correct bony deformity – procedures to correct deformities of the spine or limbs that either limit function or would cause long-term problems if left untreated.