Frozen shoulder (or adhesive capsulitis) is a painful and gradual stiffening of the capsule around the shoulder joint. The exact cause of a frozen shoulder is unknown; however, it is more common in females, especially between the ages of 40-60 years old and is known to be more common in patients who also suffer from diabetes or thyroid problems.  A frozen shoulder may also be related to an underlying rotator cuff problem or after a minor injury or fall. 

A frozen shoulder typically follows three stages, which overlap lasting on average 18 months to two years. It initially freezes, when you begin to experience pain in the shoulder and gradually increasing stiffness and restriction. Sleep can often be affected, as can your usual activities of living such as dressing and washing. 

The shoulder becomes “frozen” during the second stage when pain may be less severe but stiffness and restriction in movement persists. 

During the final stage of the condition the shoulder “thaws” in which some pain and discomfort may continue, however gradually improved movement and function will be experienced 

A frozen shoulder will resolve over time without any treatment. Treatment options are to attempt and make the process of improvement to be shorter than the average 18- 24 months without treatment. Please see the information sheet on the right about a frozen shoulder, as well as some exercises to maintain your function and movement. Often a combination of steroid injections, painkillers and on occasion other injection procedures are required to improve the symptoms in as short a time as possible.

Please note –
These are general exercises, seek advice if you are unsure.

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